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Some useful expressions Presenting the document This document is • a text written by (+ name of the author) • an article from (+ name of the newspaper or magazine) • an extract from (+ name of the source) • The extract was published in (+ name of the source) • a conversation between … and … • This document was published in (+ year/month and year) • This document was published on (+ date) Organizing your presentation • To begin with/first of all/first • Secondly • Then/next • Consequently/as a consequence • There are two options/alternatives/possibilities: … Presenting the theme This passage/text/document o is about … o deals with … o shows that … • The main issue that is illustrated by this document is … • The main idea that is raised here is … • The point which is raised in this text is … • The author raises a very important point: … • The question here is: … • The scene took place in … • The event occurred in … Mentioning an illustration It is illustrated by • a picture/photo of … • a drawing o of (+ description of picture) o by (+ name

Désolé, mais les essais complets ne sont disponibles que pour les utilisateurs enregistrés

Choisissez un plan d'adhésion
of the artist) • a cartoon drawn by … • a map of … • an advert for … Describing the layout of the document • I can describe the layout of the document o the different elements of the document • The document consists of … • There’s o a picture o a text ? at the top ? at the bottom ? on the right hand side ? on the left hand side of the page Mentioning the main ideas • The author o says that … o states that … o writes that … o emphasizes the fact that … o is convinced that … • The text is based on a comparison between … and … • For the author/journalist/writer, it is clear/obvious that … Saying something another way • In other words… • What I mean is that I agree with the author. • That’s to say I agree with the author.

Mentioning your own point of view • I’d like to give my impressions about … • I’d like to mention that … • I’d like to say what I think about the point which is raised here: … • In my opinion … • I’d like to say that I agree/don’t agree/partly agree with the author/journalist/ … • I think … • It reminds me of a TV programme I saw about … Changing the subject • By the way, … You want to add something • I’d also like to say that I agree with the author. Coming to a conclusion • As a conclusion I could say that … • To conclude I/we can say that … • I can conclude that …

Pour conclure cette premiere partie du document, je crois utile de vous rappeler qu’une telle liste d’expressions utiles peut etre une aide precieuse lorsqu’elle est utilisee avec parcimonie mais aussi une arme redoutable entre les mains d’un jury car elle peut se retourner contre vous si vous prenez la funeste decision d’essayer d’utiliser plus de 5 ou 6 des elements de la liste au cours de votre oral ; en effet si vous essayez de debiter le plus grand nombre possible de ces expressions, je peux vous assurer que le jury sera d’avis que vous tentez de masquer votre faiblesse en langue par un placage artificiel appris par c? r au prealable. A utiliser donc avec la plus grande MODERATION !!! Communicating with the members of the exam commission Asking someone to say something again • Pardon? • I’m sorry, I didn’t hear what you said. • Could you say that again, please? • Could you repeat what you said, please? • I’m sorry, what did you say? Checking someone has understood you • Do you know what I mean? • I hope that’s clear You need help • I don’t understand, I’m sorry. • I’m not sure I understand what you mean. • I didn’t hear what you said. • Could you … ? repeat, please? ? say it again, please? ? speak up, please?

You want to say that you don’t know • I’m sorry, I don’t know. • I’m sorry but I didn’t understand the question. • I’m sorry, I don’t know what you mean. • I’m sorry but I don’t know what to say. • I may be wrong but I think … • I am not quite sure but I think … Remarque importante: J’ai parfois complete les expressions en anglais par un exemple pour faire apparaitre clairement la facon de construire la phrase ; cet exemple (I agree with…) est en italiques de facon a etre distinct de la tournure elle-meme et peut evidemment etre remplace par un element qui correspond a vos propres besoins de communication.