Nelson Mandela Nelson Mandela and Apartheid Mandela’s orders and decorations Invictus Nelson Mandela and Apartheid *Nelson Mandela was a dominant figure in the South African liberation movement, burning his pass as a peaceful protest. The twentieth century in South Africa can’t be retrospectively looked at with pride, because of the practice of apartheid. Apartheid had similarities to segregation in the American South, but was much worse. Black weren’t able to vote and separation from the whites in public businesses, They represented seventy percent of the population, and were forced to live in a small area of the country.
They couldn’t leave without a “pass,” which very few people had and were very hard to get. Also, apartheid laws were explicitly stated laws. Nelson Mandela rose up as leader of the African National Congress and major speaker against Apartheid, becoming the voice of the movement to end apartheid. *The use of passes came into effect when Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd developed the policy of separate development, in which the nine African groups that lived in South Africa were moved from the urban areas into the country areas. If the Africans wanted to travel anywhere, or work, they needed a pass showing that they
His presidency was characterized by the successful negotiation of a new constitution for South Africa, but his main focus was the restructuring of South Africa after the damage done by the apartheid. (photo sur le diapo) The picture is significant to South Africa because it showed the people that they could stand up for themselves and fight against their oppression. * Nelson Mandela presented the people of South Africa with a leader in their struggle, providing the inspiration needed for a drastic change. He planted the idea in the people that there was something they could do about their situation. Mandela would do anything to win the battle. The picture is significant to the twentieth century because it provided yet another example of the fight for freedom. * It may be possible to oppress a group of people, but it is impossible to oppress the spread of ideas. *Moreover, the picture represents the fight and struggle that people will go through no matter what the cost might be. IV) Orders and decorations
Mandela has received many South African, foreign and international honours : *In 1990 he received the Bharat Ratna Award from the government of India and also received the last ever Lenin Peace Prize from the Soviet Union. *In 1992 he was awarded the Ataturk Peace Award by Turkey. He refused the award citing human rights violations committed by Turkey at the time, but later accepted the award in 1999. *In 1992 he received of Nishan-e-Pakistan, the highest civil service award of Pakistan. In 1993, Nelson Mandela received the Nobel Peace Prize with Frederik Willem de Klerk, « for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa » *In 1995, he received the Order of Merit from Queen Elizabeth II and the Presidential Medal of Freedom from George W. Bush. As an example of his popular foreign acclaim, during his tour of Canada in 1998, 45,000 school children greeted him with adulation at a speaking engagement in Toronto. *In 2001, he was the first living person to be made an honorary Canadian citizen.
He was also made an honorary Companion of the Order of Canada, one of the few foreigners to receive the honour. *In July 2004, the city of Johannesburg granted Mandela the freedom of the city at a ceremony in Orlando, Soweto. Invictus (bande annonce invictus) What does Nelson Mandela do after becoming president of South Africa? He rejects revenge, forgives oppressors who jailed him 27 years for his fight against apartheid and finds hope of national unity in an unlikely place: the rugby field. Clint Eastwood directs a film about a team and a people inspired to greatness. bout the events in South Africa before and during the 1995 Rugby World Cup, hosted in that country following the dismantling of apartheid. Mandela asks the national rugby team captain and his squad to do the impossible and win the World Cup. Morgan Freeman and Matt Damon play, respectively, South African President Nelson Mandela and Francois Pienaar, the captain of the South African rugby union team the Springboks. Awards : *Clint Eastwood : named 2009’s Best Director by the National Board of Review *Morgan Freeman : NBR’s Best Actor Award winner and Oscar nominee for this role Matt Damon : Best Supporting Actor Oscar