STRESS AND ITS EFFECTS its knowledge and its management Stress is seen as the evil of the century. It spares no one. Everyone’s talking about and speaks to everyone. He is accused of all evils in our modern society. Stress, stress, stress words are tainted by improper use, they are words that are in conversations to express irritation, fatigue, anxiety, fun. Today, stress has a negative connotation, probably because there is confusion between stress and stress factors and which could not be designated as a stress factor.
The word is often used in a negative way without realizing that it is thanks to stress that we can adapt ourselves, to develop capacity succeed. A definition: The term stress of English origin means pressure. It was used by the Canadian physiologist, of Austrian origin, Hans Selye, in 1936, to describe a reaction, a natural response of the body respond to stimulation, an assault or a solicitation, whether of physical, mental, sensory or emotional. In other words, stress is a normal phenomenon. It allows us to adapt to a new situation, to prepare for what is changing continuously. What is permanent, said E. Rostand, is change. » Some call it evolution. But we are
Life is not learned, it gives a series of live situations. This is an estate that does not stop and will change depending on the circumstances that we do not . The situations involve all areas of daily life, sometimes they arrive by surprise. The pressure of everyday life with the inevitable tensions, uncertainties, disputes and other conflicts, family gatherings or work, changes jobs or schedules, travel, not to mention the painful changes such as separation, job loss, divorce, illness, death, assault, accident, unforeseen cortege are examples.
It is thanks to stress that we are more attentive, it allows us to overcome, to create and implement ideas and solutions, or develop skills that we did not suspect. Athletes can testify that stress helps them to transcend in a competition for example. Two qualifiers: the « good » and « bad » stress. This is because it alerts us and puts us on the alert against aggression or solicitation that stress is a powerful incentive that impels us to live. This is called « good » stress and stress « positive ». It is very useful because it allows us to react, to be effective, even as we surpass the athlete, the actor who dominates the emotions of a eeting planned or accidental. When stress is intense and brutal, when the stress continues or intensifies, or becomes uncontrollable, when we use the stress at small fires, day after day, the adaptive capacity of the body are overwhelmed. This is called « bad » stress or stress « negative. » The body weakens and becomes vulnerable, there is risk of various diseases. As highlighted Sylvie Bellaud-Caro, sophrologue, negative stress is caused by excessive stimulation of external and internal attacks, often both tell us.
The external stimuli may be related to cold, noise (work, music, traffic, environment … ), a change of employment, a situation of insecurity, to professional burnout, a domestic context. Domestic assaults are represented by the bullying, harassment experienced, repressed emotions such as anger, grief or fear, separation, grief, anxiety, but also the psychological impact, small or large, that have left traces in our unconscious and are « awakened » by the events of everyday life. « Nothing will be spared me, we need j’encaisse, but I can not stand it any more. » In summary:
The influence of stress mainly depends on the physical and emotional state in which we find ourselves when the stressful situation arises, be it external or internal. Our reaction is different when our ability « to collect » what is, or what surprises us without prior notice, as the accident, or what happens in a forecast, such as moving to a dismissal, the departure of a child separation. We must reiterate that stress is part of life and the lack of stimulation, as surprising as it may seem, is also a source of negative stress, whether of loneliness, emotional withdrawal, a lack of motivation or desire or project.
The « good » stress is the result of our reaction to the situation to face. Stress the « positive » is that which stimulates us to act and continue. The « bad » stress is insufficient control of the situation. Stress the « negative » is that which we eventually deplete or destroy us. The 3 stages of the manifestations of stress. Aggression, whether physical, mental, sensory or emotional, triggers an immediate reaction of the body, it adjusts according to the following phases: 1. The warning phase is the trigger that causes a sudden release of defending the body to adapt.
This phase is manifested by: – Physical symptoms such as pallor, malaise, palpitations, stomach ache, – The psychological manifestations such as anxiety, anxiety, fear or anxiety, – The neuro-vegetative manifestations such as rapid heartbeat and breathing, – With somatic manifestations of tremor, muscle stiffness. This phase lasts a few minutes, but can extend several hours. Sometimes we find that the physical, thinking improved during this phase under the influence of different hormones that are released on this occasion. 2.
The adaptation phase is that of resistance. It is important insofar as it corresponds to all reactions triggered by the body in response to noxious stimuli to which it is exposed. The defenses are organized to maintain internal balance either by direct action in the fight, for the leak, in alcohol, for example, by parallel action by trying to control emotions by avoidance or by preparing to dominate the emotional discharge Often this phase resistance does not last, the body can recover and return to its equilibrium after the shock, but this is not always the case. 3.
The stage of exhaustion occurs when the body can not cope when our adaptive capacity is insufficient or is overwhelmed, because the aggression is too high (accident, bad news, bereavement … ) or because the stressors persist for days, weeks (family environment, work environment, transport or because of injuries that we have marked are awakened to this opportunity. The body wear, it becomes increasingly vulnerable. Decrease the immune system, resulting in a sensitivity to any external aggression. This may be a step towards physical or mental illness, for example we know that excessive stress can lead to depression.
This phase is comparable to the so-called symptoms of « burn-out » often met with health professionals. The consequences of stress for the person. When Selye described stress, he speaks of alarm as a phenomenon relevant to human beings to adapt. Medical data show that, whatever its origin, the stress is even more toxic it has multiple sources and that the molecules that are released under its influence are not « consumed » by the body. Precisely because it presents these two characteristics that the emotional stress of origin, by far the most common, and often observed in the tinnitus is particularly harmful .
The impact of stress on the person depends on 3 main factors: its intensity, its duration in time, its accumulation. Stress manifests itself in several ways: 1) On the physical fatigue is the most common symptom, pain due to muscle tension, headaches, digestive disorders. 2) On the psychological and behavioral change, the person becomes more and more irritable, impatient, a little disturbed. It does more harm or disappointments, the setbacks and other contingencies. It can close in on itself and have difficulty concentrating and memory disorders, sleep is disturbed which affects the recovery and increases fatigue.
However, stress does not seem to have the same implications for everyone. Faced with similar situations, people react differently, and could distinguish three main patterns of stress: 1) Those who know just how to innate or acquired, to manage this natural phenomenon. These are the « lucky » that come to step back and have the appropriate reaction in the period. 2) Those that transform their stress into aggression, becoming at least unpleasant for those around them. 3) Those who do not stress and suffer in silence. They keep everything for themselves and are the victims. Stress can promote the emergence of many hysical and mental illnesses such as fatigue, anger, migraines, stomach acid, high blood pressure, dysregulation of certain hormonal glands. The list of consequences associated with stress level is too long. It is estimated that over two tinnitus is related to stress. If it is better to know the possible consequences resulting from this type of stress and not wait to arrive at those ends to consider solutions, this does not mean that the stress is the universal cause of disease. It would be too simple and that is completely false. Stress in the workplace and its cost.
Stress is not just a phenomenon affecting 44% of french, nor a single individual with bad consequences for people’s lives, their well-being, success, school or sports. Through its negative effects, it is a scourge that is costly to the community in terms of productivity, illness, absenteeism. According to a report by the International Labor Organization, the stress would cost billions of dollars to the U. S. industry. It is more likely that this is the same in France and other European countries, noting in passing that France is one of the countries that consume more psychotropic medications (antidepressants, anxiolytics and hypnotics). Work tress is a problem whose importance seems to be growing and it affects all sectors and all occupational categories, employees, managers, executives. Among the most often expressed, there is the accelerated pace of work, adapting to new technologies, changes, noise, shift changes and surprises, responsibilities, or poor relations team the multiple demands of production, quality, resulting in irritability, hypersensitivity and by the feeling of not having enough time and not get to do everything. These factors of life are added to the factors often encountered in personal, social and family status, distance from home, transportation, etc..
In the world of work, whatever the industry, the Center of Young Leaders said that the management considers that « the person » as « primary capital of the company plays a crucial role. In cultivating the motivation, it allows each person to feel concerned as an important element of business success, since motivation is the vital force behind all actions of the person. In psychology, Motivation is based on emotions, especially on the search for positive experiences and avoiding negative experiences as positive and negative are defined by the individual state of the brain and not by social norms.
The motivation is that we practice a pleasure. As we have mentioned above, stress is even more toxic than the molecules released under its influence are not « consumed » by the body. It is precisely against this action by motivation. First, it promotes the release of a substance that fights the effects of stress. This substance called GABA (gamma-amino butyric acid) is a neuro-mediator that slows excitations and stimuli from the nerve impulses within the brain. In other words, the neuro-mediator has an inhibitory action on the transmission of nerve caused by stress.
On the other hand, motivation promotes the release of dopamine, a substance that causes pleasure to act and leads one to action, thus promoting the consumption of molecules released in quantity by the stress. Companies have understood the process. According to the Center of Young Leaders, we can go further by linking it to quality management commitment for a project generally. Canada was not mistaken, since one of the key points of his policy of « mental health » is the commitment.
There are several ways to promote this engagement: corporate foundations, corporate philanthropy skills, helps associations. Investors, business executives, managers are invited to this awareness. Means and methods to relieve stress. Stress is a stimulant which can be adapted or even surpass, but there are people for whom stress is more a hindrance than anything else, for others the consequences are such (insomnia, muscle tension, unrest behavior) that it is imperative to talk to their doctor. To relieve stress, two observations are taken into account: ) better manage their lives. « What is important is not what happens to us is how you take » (Hans Selye) 2) step back and distance on what happens to us and perspective. Most of the time, we can not change the course of events, but we can change the look that we carry on these events. This applies as much in our personal environment – some people might consider such things as stress factors, while these things are not, it may suffice to have another organization – in the context a professional activity, as work at all times under tension is not fulfilling.
Among the means and methods to relieve stress are: 1) relaxation techniques including massage or techniques that involve breathing, such as yoga, for example, and based on the fact that the nervous rapid breathing while breathing slow and controlled and calm soothes. 2) The steps that are aimed at the revelation and development of self, eg sophrologie to discover in his unconscious the keys of the change to feel better, or the cognitive and behavioral therapy (CBT) which helps to identify and to modify its fears or negative beliefs that can generate stress. ) The use of treatment drugs prescribed and monitored by a physician in cases of type insomnia, muscle tension, etc.. And a state of stress may reveal an anxiety or depression and only a doctor can detect it and decide what kind of medicine is the most appropriate in the circumstances. Some suggestions: These suggestions coincide with the ‘advice of the coach who taught for the individual and team 1) Do not expect too much from the other or more favorable situations ahead, and be satisfied with what you have. ) Avoid difficult relations, even negative. Away from these people who have the egotism and lament for you, they « pump » energy. 3) Do not hang on what you’ve done wrong or missed, but look what you have succeeded, even small things. Do not ruminate. Do you trust the human person is more than it believes. 4) Do not waste your time, rising so quickly and it is a precious commodity. 5) Look at the situations that are annoying you, or you attack, analyzing their significance or insignificance, and take the distance to these situations. ) Try to look kindly on people and things. 7) Give meaning to your life by discovering what you can serve as a person, what you have to offer, especially in asserting that to you the importance and value. 8) Action and diversify your activities to stimulate you, making walking, sport, relaxation 9) Take care of yourself and give yourself time for yourself, just to put the distance in time and out of context, to pause, to breathe differently. In a recent interview, a stage actor and television said: « Praying makes me at peace.
I am often the fact that after the prayer, I am better, I’m more at peace. » – Find and practice regularly or activities that bring you inner peace. 10) Participate in a social activity, as an association, a club, a choir. You have things to share. With a well-maintained and be given a commitment to the end, it is possible to have a social and to have some fun. Often listeners from France Tinnitus say: « I listened to the person who called me by leaving the floor, I tried to answer and finally I think I reassured, I was content » .
Conclusion: Beyond a negative image, we must recognize that stress is inherent to our existence. It can be a powerful stimulant, but when it is excessive and uncontrollable, it can weaken and make us vulnerable. There is no magic bullet or magic formula. Manage stress is to first work on yourself to see and understand things differently. For this work, it is appropriate in certain circumstances, to be accompanied in this by a competent person or by a sophrologue for example.
Exceed, beat stress is to give opportunities to live with more serenity, conscious of its values and strengths, to benefit both his personal and professional life. Elements of bibliography: 1) Selye (Hans) – The stress of life. 2) Bellaud Caro-(S) – sophrology – in Tinnitussimo No. 34 – October 2001 – pp 10 to 14 3) Hanin (R) – Conversation « Praying makes me in peace » – in Panorama – Nov. 2006 – pp 14 to 20 4) Ouest-France –chronic: « By pledging, you can do good » -9 Oct. 2006 Ange Bidan Engineering consulting training Rennes on 22 January 2007