?English Boxing The Boxing also noble art is a combat sport in which two opponents, of similar weights, meet on a boxing ring, provide with gloves stuffed to limit the risk of cut, and are exchanged punches, carried (worn) with the face and with the bust. The fight is divided into interval of time (weather), the rounds, separated by one minute of rest announced by a bell or the pugilist can be advised or been looked after if need. Whether it is in Olympic or professional boxing, the fighters, or the boxers, try to avoid the punches of their opponent while trying to get (touch) them.
Points are every time awarded considered as clear (net), powerful and precise. At the end the fight, the boxer having most points is declared victorious. The victory can be also affected if a fighter puts his opponent outside fight (by knockout or KB), That is in the incapacity to get up and to resume (to take back) the fight after the account of 10 seconds of the arbitrator (referee). A fighter is also declared victorious if his injured (wounded) opponent cannot continue the fight (technical KB or TKO). The boxing is also called the «noble art
She is the direct descendant of the pugilism who was much less technical than that current and or the fighters had gloves with nails (boils, pawnshops) which we called caste. 1) The History The boxing appears to the XVIIIth century, the matches were then organized by punters who took as model the pugilism. She (it) is in the time (period) little regulated and is practised with bare hands. The first big champion of boxing with bare hands was the fencing teacher James Figg in 1719; his pupil Brougthon (on 1704 – 1789) gained (won) 400 fights until the day when he killed accidentally his opponent.
Traumatized, he (it) codified the rules of the boxing with by means of the marquess of Queensberry and made compulsory the port(bearing) of oven gloves and forbidden the fights to the finish, what also forbids to strike the opponent on the ground. 2) The succession of rules The rules of the Marquis de Queensberry, drafted in 1865, emphasized the suppleness rather than the strength. These new rules forbade the fight with bare hands, the hand-to-hand fight, the breathlessness, the knocks when the opponent is powerless and the fight to the finish.
The meetings are divided into several rounds of for example amateur three minutes the rounds are 3 and in professional the rounds can go to 15, spaced out by a time (weather) of rest of one minute. A participant loses the match if there are in the ground more than ten seconds, lengthened (stretched out) either in support on a knee or if he is considered impossible to return to the match. These rules also stipulate that the matches have to take place in a boxing ring of 6, 00 m maximum and 4, 90 m at least aside. The last champion heavy truck with bare hands was the American John L. Sullivan, in 1889.
It is in 1899 that Louis Lerda, of return of the United States, tries to implant the boxing in France. The first one fights in place in the room Wagram in Bets and, on February 15th, 1903, the French Federation of the Companies of Boxing is created by four young followers (Albert Bourdariat, Frantz Reichel, Van Rosose and elected Paul Rousseau chair). At instigation of Victor Breyer and of Theo Vienne the contests take place in the big wheel and in the winter’s circus. 3) Wounds with regard to zones Represent it: the shocks can provoke fractures (noses, arches), black eyes, wounds, and hurts at the level of eyes.
The bust: this can cause wounds at the level of the solar plexus and the fractures at the level of coast (ribs). Sprain: at the level of a joint (articulation), ligaments and neighbouring fabrics (tissues) are suddenly stretched or torn. Dislocation: abnormal Movement, under a violent shock, one or several bones at the level of the joint (articulation). The movement is impossible. It is necessary to bandage and to evacuate the injured (wounded) person towards the hospital. Cramp: it is about a sudden, involuntary and painful contraction of a muscle.
She can occur in case of bad muscular coordination or if the body loses a lot of mineral salts and water during a big perspiration. We look after the cramp by spreading (widening) the muscle while massing (massaging) the tense zone. For the cramp of the calf, it is advised to fold toes upward. 4) The Equipment Gloves: They will have to be in very good leather state or similar material (subject) uniformly stuffed by hair or similar materials (subjects). They will have to weigh 6 ounces and 8 ounces (171 and 228 g) for the categories mosquitoes in mini light. They will have to weigh 8 ounces (228 g) for the categories flies in light.
They will have to weigh 10 ounces (285 g) for super-lightweight categories with means. They will have to weigh 12 ounces (342 g) for the categories at the middle heavy to heavy. Bandages: All have the right (law) to put bandages in hands. They must be established (constituted) by surgical bands (strips) kind (genre) teases velpeau of 2 m of long and 4 cms wide. These bandages are going to allow to prevent wounds at the level of metacarpals and to allow to absorb the perspiration what is going to avoid troubles of cracks. Shoes: They have a stalk and an upper made in supple (flexible) aterial (subject) (leather, skin), the stiff sole without being hard of a thickness from 2 to 5 mm is flat without heel nor heelpiece and not overflowing (brimming). 5) Categories Straw (recognized that in pro): – less than 47,627 kg At the middle flies: – amateur from 34 kg to 48 kg – pro from 47,128 kg to 48,988 kg Flies: – amateur from 48 kg to 51 kg – pro from 48,988 kg to 50,802 kg Cocks: – amateur 51 kg a 54 kg – pro from 50,802 kg to 53,524 kg Feathers: – amateur 54 kg a 57 kg – pro from 53,524 kg to 57,153 kg Great feathers (recognized just in pro): – from 57,153 kg to 58,967 kg
Light: – amateur 57 kg a 60 kg – pro 58,967 kg a 61,235 kg Super light: – amateur 60 kg a 63,5 kg – pro 61,235 kg a 63,503 kg At the middle means: – amateur 63,5 kg a 67 kg – pro 63,503 kg a 66,678 kg The great middle means: – amateur 67 kg a 71 kg – pro 66,678 kg a 69,853 kg Means: – amateur 71 kg a 75 kg – pro 69,853 kg a 72,575 kg At the middle heavy: – amateur 75 kg a 81 kg – pro 72,575 kg a 79,379 kg Heavy light (recognized just in pro): – from 79,379 kg to 86,182 kg Heavy: – amateur less than 91 kg – pro + 86,182 kg / + 88,450 kg Super heavy (recognized just amateur): – more than 91 kg ) Usual Punches Straight-punch: Punch direct fist. He (it) is of shape, pulled strings, whipped or rocked thrown (cast). Nuances: Jab is an express with small running (race) given with the point which is forward which serves has to keep at a distance the opponent, while Lead is an express with big running (race) and very heavy given with the back fist. We also find the short express used in the hand-to-hand fight which gets closer to a horizontal uppercut. Hook: Punch circular punch. There are the other forms of circular knocks: the Swing (called also stick-punch) and Half-swing.
Uppercut: Going back up punch. He (it) is classified in the category of the circular knocks, what is not still the case. Express runs: Punch in the direct axis executed on the bottom (stocking) of the opposite bust, the thumb at the top and halfway. Contrary to the uppercut using the push of legs and the action (share) of the shoulder, he (it) runs with an activity more pronounced by the elbow. LEGENDS OF BOXING – Jack Dempsey (Usa) – Mohammed Ali (Usa) – Joe Louis (Usa) – Sugar Ray Robinson (Usa) – Mike Tyson (Usa)