A/ DEATH OF THE KIND The blaxploitation will stay in the summit during more than 4 years. Indeed, in some years only, this cinema does’ nt attract any more the crowds. The directors do not manage to renew the kind of this movies. Due to exploiting it so much, they will be ridiculous. Movies are certified true copies, the scriptwriters are limited as well as the means. The black cinema becomes boring. A great majority of movies of blaxploitation were bad, often violent : they spoke about prostitutes, about dealer and about killers in the ghetto. B/ HERITAGE
Hood and gangsta movies : the revival of the kind ? If the blaxploitation died, a current looked like appeared in the 90s, the hood movie, or the movie of district staging black gangs (there are variants Latinos). Thrown mainly by the success of » Boy in the hood » (John Singleton, on 1991) Threat to Society (Allan and Albert Hughes, on 1993), the hood movie or gangsta movie tries to speak about a subject which works very well in America: the rap. These movies present what became an American myth, black gangsters (rather native of Los Angeles). Bases with the laxploitation is the
The meeting of real gangsters is going to change their vision of the life. But this was criticized for sames reasons of the blaxploitation: it gives a negative image of blacks. In addition these movies raise a problem because they arrive after an event which played on the presidential election campaign of 1988: the temporary liberation of a black life prisoner, Willie Norton. Although is violated a woman and killed her boyfriend, he does not go in prison. This program of temporary liberation will be supported by the democratic candidate Michael Dukakis.
It‘ s not a succes he will lose the elections. The image of Norton will serve in the campaign of the WASP. It will make of this man the evil’ emblem which destroy America. After all these problems hoodfilms are badly seen because it strengthens the hatred between races. Modern inheritance: with time and with the nostalgia the blaxploitation become a reference kind. For example » I ‘ m gonna Git You Sucka » (Keenen Ivory Wayans) which arrives more than 10 years after the age of gold of the blaxploitation ( 1998 ) . It’ s a funny tribute in all this wave of movies .
Written by Wayan, this movie is a caricature of the blaxploitation with some actors who stood out this kind of movies: Isaac Haye, Jim Brown, Antonio Fargas… Fred Williamson will refuse the principal role because he is going to be afraid of caricaturing his image. Williamson contribution to the kind will be his movie Original Gangstas ( 1996 ). He will film with his old friend Larry Cohen. This movie tells the story of a friend‘ group (Williamson, James Brown and Pam Grier) who decides to hunt gangs by the terror reign in the city where they born. It’s a reminder for new Black
American’ stars ,it’s a tribute of the blaxploitation, and an attack against the rap gangsta. A way to remind that they were the first one and the only one really bad boys in this kind. Quentin Tarantino, the Mister exploitation of the American cinema, decides to pay tribute to the Blaxploitation with his movie Jackie Brown ( 1997 ). He can so pay tribute in it, one of the figures of this kind: Pam Grier. Pam Grier plays the first role movie, an air hotess who meets police and weapon‘s thief. The title and the poster of the movie are a tribute to Blaxploitation and specially to Coffy Brown.
The BO of the movie uses the classic pieces of the blaxploitation. Tarantino, unintentionally,develops a real black interest in the media of the whole world. They are all begin to speak about the blaxploitation. Jackie Brown’s success opens the way to several remakes as Shaft. In our time, with all this movies, musics and samples, blaxploitation become a real kind known all over the world such as western for exemple. The blaxploitation exceeds races and borders for our biggest happiness. 4/ Live, death and inheritance of the blaxploitation