A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (PART 1) Etienne Coursimault Program Matrikulasi De La Salle/Manado February 11th, 2011 Let us remember that we are in the holy presence of God… “Where do…” “…American people come from? ” …Asia! …& Africa! Hunters from Asia walked to America around12,000 B. C. ? ? ? In search of large animals to hunt, they walked across Bering Strait They arrived at the Great Plains They colonize North America America discovered by European navigators in 1492 ? ?
Christopher Colombus arrives in America on October 12th, 1492 He calls local people “Indians” because he thinks he is in India! America becomes part of Spain? s Empire ? ? ? Local people (“Indians”) dominated by European military superiority Many conflicts, and diseases Spanish looking for gold in America The Terrible Story of the „New World? ? ? Before colonization: 10 million people, 200 tribes In 1865: only 300,000 remained… After the Protestant Reformation, England begins to explore America ? ? 1587: Spanish military power declining, England begins to explore and colonize America First British “settlements” (=SP n Papua) Then they were religious conflicts in Great Britain ? ? ? Conflicts between Puritans and Presbyterians Some
American people believe that anyone can be successful They are ready to take risk and try new things 1776-1849 The Formation of the USA & The Westward Expansion A Rebellion Against British Rule ? ? 1775: 13 colonies begin a rebellion 1776: They proclaim their independence as the United States of America George Washington became the first President ? Have you ever seen one dollar? Then the U. S. A. continued its expansion… ? 1788: 13 colonies Then the U. S. A. continued its expansion… ? 1796: A few more states Then the U. S. A. continued its expansion… ? 803: America buys Louisiana from France Then the U. S. A. continued its expansion… ? 1837: New states created around Mississippi Then the U. S. A. continued its expansion… ? 1850: Oregon, Texas and California added Then the U. S. A. continued its expansion… ? 1912: All states created (except Alaska & Hawaii) But before there were many conflicts… ? States from The North and states from the South disagreed on the question of slavery What is slavery? ? African slaves were sold to European, who transported slaves to America… The Civil War (1849–1865) ? ? ?
States from the South used slaves to work in the fields States from the North refused it They started a terrible war The Civil War (1849–1865) The Civil War (1849–1865) ? ? The North States were the winner Slavery was abolished The Reconstruction (1865–1918) ? ? After the war ended, the United States of America began to reconstruct the country It quickly became a country of wealth and prosperity, as well as a military power We will see the rest next time! THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! And see you next week! Program Matrikulasi De La Salle/Manado February 11th, 2011